What is Hepatitis: Hepatitis Types, Symptoms and Treatment? #3

Hepatitis is one of the liver diseases which can prove quite fatal if not noticed and treated well in time. A liver is a vital body and one of the most hardworking organs, that performs over 500 functions in the body.

 

Diagnosis of Hepatitis

In most of the cases, the chronic Hepatitis quietly attacks the liver, and it may not cause any symptoms. It keeps on slowly and gradually affecting the liver.

Unless the infection is diagnosed and treated, it will eventually become the cause of serious liver diseases and liver damage.  There are blood tests which can be performed to determine that whether you have viral Hepatitis infection or not.

Medical Tests Which Need To Be Performed For Diagnosing Hepatitis

1. Blood Tests

Blood tests can help in revealing that whether you are suffering from a type of Hepatitis or not. The presence of certain types of foreign bodies and toxins indicates the presence of virus causing Hepatitis.

 

2. Liver Function Test

This test evaluates that whether the liver is functioning normally, and clearing the proteins, enzymes and blood waste that is not required by the body or not. If the enzyme levels are found high in the test, it indicates that your liver is inflamed and is getting damaged.

 

3. Imaging Tests

The ultrasound of the abdominal region provides the images of the various organs located in this area. Any build-up of the fluids in the abdominal region indicates the enlargement or inflammation of the liver.

 

4. Liver Biopsy

It is an invasive procedure in which a tissue of your liver is taken as a sample with the help of a needle and is used the close investigation to find out that whether your liver in inflamed or not, and whether you have an infection or not. This is one of the best tests for the most accurate results.

 

Treatment of the Hepatitis

Hepatitis A Treatment

There is no medicine required to cure Hepatitis A, and our body clears the HAV virus on its own. The maximum time that may be taken by our body to get rid of the HAV virus is 6 months, and thus, one needs to take care of the symptoms of the virus during this period.

If you are feeling nausea and vomiting, your doctor will suggest you to make some dietary changes so that you can easily digest the food that you are eating.

What should you do when you are diagnosed with Hepatitis A?

  • Take as much rest as you can
  • Break your meal into smaller parts to digest easily
  • Switch to foods that don’t cause nausea or vomiting
  • Include more liquids in your diet like fresh sugar-free juices and milk
  • Don’t consume any medicines which aren’t recommended by doctors
  • Stay light on medicines
  • Don’t consume alcohol

 

Hepatitis B Treatment

The acute conditions (which don’t last for very long) can easily be treated with the help of apt antiviral medications.

What should you do when you are diagnosed with acute Hepatitis B?

  • Take as much rest as you can
  • Break your meal into smaller parts to digest easily
  • Switch to foods that don’t cause nausea or vomiting
  • Include more liquids in your diet like fresh sugar-free juices and milk
  • Don’t consume any medicines which aren’t recommended by doctors
  • Stay light on medicines
  • The chronic Hepatitis B can be more serious and will require regular medications and monitoring. If the medications are effective in killing the virus, then you need not to worry.

Otherwise, it may lead to liver damage, and you will require medication to control the liver damage as well. In the most serious cases, patients might have to undergo a liver transplant as well.

Also, an immunization or vaccination can prevent the occurrence of Hepatitis B, and even if it occurs, it will be very mild. So, if you haven’t taken his vaccination yet, then you must do it immediately.

 

Hepatitis C Treatment

Whether it is acute Hepatitis C or the chronic one, both can be cured with the help of antiviral drugs. However, the medicine completely depends on the type of Hepatitis C (acute or chronic), the genetic makeup of the Hepatitis C Virus’ cell, any other medical condition in the body and the extent to which the liver has been damaged.

The prescribed medications are strong and thus, can have some side effects. In the most serious cases, patients might have to undergo a liver transplant as well, but, a transplant is not the permanent solution, as the infection might reoccur.

 

Hepatitis D Treatment

Hepatitis D is not very dangerous unless it is accompanied by Hepatitis B. In serious cases of Hepatitis D, the doctors recommend “Intron A” injections for longer periods, up to 12 months.

These antiviral injections ensure that the virus does not spread and cause further damage to the liver. Even when the virus is gone, you are suggested to take vital precautions to avoid any infection in the future.

Again, in extreme cases, liver transplantation may be suggested. Also, one should completely avoid alcohol after being diagnosed by Hepatitis D, as it may damage the liver and accelerate the process of liver damage.

 

Hepatitis E Treatment

In cases of acute infection, you don’t require a treatment. Only you would be required to consume a lot of healthy fluids, avoid alcohol and make some dietary changes to avoid nausea or vomiting.

In serious cases, “Ribavirin” is prescribed to enhance the liver function, but, pregnant women should not take this medication.

 

Alcoholic Hepatitis Treatment

In this type of Hepatitis, you are required to completely avoid alcohol, and your doctor will prescribe anti-inflammatory medicines along with corticosteroids.

The damage caused by alcohol to the liver is irreparable, but, some natural liver friendly foods can help. Again, in extreme cases, liver transplantation may be suggested.

 

Autoimmune Hepatitis Treatment

This is one of the most serious types of Hepatitis, and doctors often recommend the medications to slow down the progression of the disease and lower down the immune system activity, so that, it does not attack the liver. The medications are required to be carefully controlled to avoid any side-effects.

But, if the medications aren’t able to control the Hepatitis and the damage becomes irreparable, then, doctors have to suggest a liver transplant.

 

Conclusion

Now, that you know that what causes Hepatitis, you should take complete care of your liver, and should avoid the avoidable causes to ensure that your liver functions normally and you stay healthy.

To avoid Hepatitis A and E, you must maintain complete hygiene, should not drink local unfiltered water and stay away from the shellfish and oysters which are either undercooked or raw.

To prevent Hepatitis B, C, and D, avoid unprotected sex, don’t share the drug needles, do not touch any spilled blood, don’t share razors and never use someone else’s toothbrush.

A Healthy Liver Is Vital For Disease Free Life!!!!

 

Source: https://healthlineblog.com/what-is-hepatitis-types-symptoms-treatment/