What is Hepatitis: Hepatitis Types, Symptoms and Treatment? #2

Hepatitis is one of the liver diseases which can prove quite fatal if not noticed and treated well in time. A liver is a vital body and one of the most hardworking organs, that performs over 500 functions in the body.

 

Causes of Hepatitis

The various causes of Hepatitis include:

 

1. Infections Through Contaminated Faecal Matter

In the areas where sanitation is a problem, there are high chances of Hepatitis infection. The Hepatitis is spread when the faecal matter of an infected person contaminates the food or water. The Hepatitis virus travels through the contaminated food or water, and causes infections in the people.

 

2. Alcohol and Toxins Consumption

Consumption of regular alcohol is one of the habits that eventually weakens the liver, can potentially cause liver damage and is one of the common reasons behind liver inflammation.

The Hepatitis caused by the alcohol consumption is known as “Alcoholic Hepatitis”. It directly affects the liver cells and over the time, causes permanent damage to the liver.

The liver disease caused by excessive alcohol consumption is known as “Cirrhosis of Liver”, and is characterized by the scarring and thickening of the liver. Apart from the alcohol overdose and overuse of medications, or exposure to poisonous substances can also cause Hepatitis.

 

3. Autoimmune System Response

In some of the cases, our immune system starts considering as a harmful object for the body, and in order to protect us, starts attacking the liver. As a result, the liver becomes inflamed and the functions performed by liver get affected.

It is more common in women as compared to men. This type of Hepatitis is again classified into two categories:

  • Type 1 Autoimmune Hepatitis – It affects both males and females of all ages.
  • Type 2 Autoimmune Hepatitis – It only affects young women and girls, and is quite rare.

 

4. Other Causes

The Hepatitis B, D, and C are generally caused when one gets in contact with the body fluids of the infected person, like having sex with an infected person, using common syringes for drugs, sharing razors, getting in contact with the blood of the infected person or sharing toothbrushes.

 

Major Symptoms of Hepatitis

Though, some symptoms in all types of Hepatitis are common, and these include:

  • Signs of flu-like fatigue, body ache, and fever
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Pale colored stools
  • Dark yellow urine
  • Jaundice that involved yellowing of eyes and skin

Apart from these common symptoms, there are some individual symptoms of each type of Hepatitis as well.

 

1. Hepatitis A Symptoms

  • Extreme fatigue and body aches
  • Muscle Aches
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Clay coloured stools

One can notice these symptoms generally after 15 days of the infection, and these symptoms may continue up to 50 days.

 

2. Hepatitis B and D Symptoms

  • Extreme weakness in body
  • A headache and joint pain
  • Dark stools (tan coloured)
  • Abdominal discomfort

These symptoms can be noticed between 1 – 4 months of the infection, and the sooner you get diagnosed, the easier it becomes to treat the infection. If Hepatitis B is not treated well in time, it can cause further health complications and even cause further infection by developing into HDV.

 

3. Hepatitis C Symptoms

  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Nausea
  • Itching Skin
  • Joint Pain

These symptoms can be noticed between two weeks – six months of the infection.

 

4. Hepatitis E Symptoms

Hepatitis E, which is a water-borne disease, can generally be identified through symptoms like acute liver failure, nausea, vomiting and liver enlargement.

 

Source: https://healthlineblog.com/what-is-hepatitis-types-symptoms-treatment/