What is Hepatitis: Hepatitis Types, Symptoms and Treatment? #1

Hepatitis is one of the liver diseases which can prove quite fatal if not noticed and treated well in time. A liver is a vital body and one of the most hardworking organs, that performs over 500 functions in the body.

 

Apart from making bile, breaking down food, aiding digestions, building proteins, processing nutrients, the liver removes harmful toxins from the body which can cause various diseases.

The liver is an extremely resilient organ and a majority of the cases of liver inflammation do not even come under the medical attention. But, in the event of serious liver inflammation, that is, Hepatitis, the functions performed by the liver can get badly affected and the hepatitis symptoms can be experienced.

If you are wondering that how do you get hepatitis, then you must know there are a plethora of reasons varying from excessive intake of alcohol to unprotected sex, from viral infections to contaminated water that can cause the Hepatitis.

There are different types of Hepatitis, and the causes for each one are different. For instance, the causes of hepatitis B will be different from that of one Hepatitis A, and that’s why the treatment of hepatitis also differs.

 

What is Hepatitis?

Hepatitis is a therapeutic condition characterized by the inflammation of the liver. There are many causes of hepatitis, including viral infections, autoimmunity syndrome, over consumption of alcohol, medications, drugs and certain toxins.

Depending on the causes, the Hepatitis has been segregated into different types, and Hepatitis B and C are the most common ones. Some of these causes are avoidable, and one can stay secure by making some lifestyle changes or through immunizations.

 

Types of Hepatitis

There are 5 types of Hepatitis. These include:

 

1. Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is contagious and is caused by the infection with the HAV (Hepatitis A Virus). It is commonly transmitted through the contaminated food or water. The food or water can get contaminated by the faeces of a person who is infected with Hepatitis A.

Hepatitis A is generally acute or short term, and in most of the cases is recovered by itself and many people don’t even realize that they are sick. It does not cause any long-term damage to the liver.

 

2. Hepatitis B

This is one of the serious forms of Hepatitis, and it is generally spread through the infectious body fluids, including semen or vaginal secretions or blood containing the Hepatitis B virus.

The people who indulge in drugs and use common syringes for it, are at a higher risk of Hepatitis B. Also, people who indulge in unsafe or unprotected sex with an infected partner can get Hepatitis B.

Most of the times, the virus causes mild illness and then gets better with time, but, some people who are not able to clear this virus from their body, are at a risk of long-term infection. Over the time, Hepatitis B can cause significant liver damage, liver cancer, and even liver failure.

But, the good news is that one can stay protected from hepatitis B virus through vaccination or immunization.

 

3. Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is caused by HCV (Hepatitis C Virus), and it is also transmitted through the body fluids like semen or vaginal secretions or blood. Unprotected sexual contact, use of infected syringes or blood from an infected person can cause Hepatitis C.

It is one of the most common blood borne viral infections. Chronic Hepatitis C can result in liver cancer and liver failure. But, there are effective medical treatments available for the virus.

 

4. Hepatitis D

Hepatitis D, also known as “Delta Hepatitis” is caused by the HDV (Hepatitis D Virus) and any direct contact with the infected blood can cause this serious liver disease.

While it is quite a serious disease, but, it is rare as well. The HDV cannot multiply by itself in the body in the absence of HBV. So, Hepatitis D becomes serious when it is there in the body in conjunction with Hepatitis B.

 

5. Hepatitis E

Unlike other Hepatitis, the Hepatitis E is caused by HEV (Hepatitis E Virus) and is a waterborne disease. Typically, it is common in the areas with poor sanitation, and when people consume water contaminated by infected faecal matter.

 

Source: https://healthlineblog.com/what-is-hepatitis-types-symptoms-treatment/